promote the "The Belt and Road construction will lead our country for a long opening and economic cooperation for a period of time, and thus the formation of an open, inclusive, inclusive of the regional economic cooperation framework and collaboration platform. Along the Silk Road Economic Belt, agriculture is an important leading industry in all countries, which is a great opportunity for China's agricultural cooperation. Agricultural production is an important form of international cooperation of China's participating in the construction of "The Belt and Road", is China's agricultural "go out" the important way of innovation, is a new mode of international economic cooperation is conducive to China's agriculture, along with countries in the field of agriculture cooperation and win-win.
cotton is a strategic material related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. It is also the second largest crop after grain in China. On the one hand, the cooperation of cotton production capacity in China and Central Asia can alleviate the contradiction between domestic grain and cotton land use, improve the cotton output of Central Asian countries, increase the global cotton supply, broaden the import channels of raw cotton, improve the international competitiveness of China's cotton industry and the final discourse right of cotton pricing, on the other hand, it can be expanded. "The construction of new Silk Road Economic Belt" economic exchanges become agriculture construction connotation, basic industry and industry highlights, close to China and Central Asian countries, the political and economic relations. Our cotton production cooperation with Central Asia has a good foundation.
from the geopolitical features, the five Central Asian countries, including Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan, are adjacent to the largest cotton producing area of Xinjiang in our country. It is a traditional cotton planting area. The natural conditions are similar to that of Southern Xinjiang in China. The two countries are located in one latitude and light and hot resources. Abundant water resources make up the shortage of low precipitation, the per capita water quantity ranks fourth in the world, and the north is Tianshan, which can block the invasion of cold air. Compared with the southern Xinjiang, the light and heat and water resources in Central Asia can meet the natural growth needs of cotton. But the Central Asian region is an important area of our country is building a Chinese - Central Asia - International Economic Corridor in West Asia, and bilateral relations between China and the western provinces of China, especially in Xinjiang is closely related to ethnic, economic and religious.
from the industrial base, the Central Asia is the world behind the United States cotton net export area, is the world's lowest production cost per unit area of the cotton area. Five Central Asian countries have sufficient reserves of cultivated land and great potential for cultivated land development. The advantages of Cotton Germplasm Resources in Central Asia is prominent, such as Uzbekistan has 2000 years of history to collect more than 9000 samples of cotton, cotton varieties, has the largest number of cotton varieties is one of the countries in the world. The abundant cotton germplasm resources of Central Asian countries can complement each other with the existing germplasm resources in China, which will lay a solid foundation for the breeding of new cotton varieties. China has nurtured a number of cotton related enterprises with the strength of "going global". At present, a group of national leading enterprises with certain scale of production and certain domestic and foreign markets have been formed. These enterprises have strong breeding, processing, purchasing, transportation, scientific research and sales capacity, and some enterprises have the basis of long-term cooperation with Central Asia, for further cotton capacity cooperation with the countries of Central Asia. Provide a good carrier for cooperation.
from the perspective of technical support, the cultivation, cultivation and processing technology of new cotton varieties in China has the leading edge. China has successfully cultivate the new materials of transgenic insect resistant cotton and drought resistant transgenic cotton, not only for the development and utilization of China's northwest saline dryland, also provide material guarantee for assistance to solve the problem of soil in central asia. The part of Central Asia national Ministry of agriculture, State Administration and seed cotton processing enterprises are Chinese hope to introduce cotton varieties and planting techniques, in order to improve cotton production in the country, the cotton farmers enthusiasm, which provides an important opportunity for China to carry out cooperation with the Central Asian cotton production.
China cotton production cooperation with Central Asian countries in terms of the protection of the safety of cotton industry in China, or from the economic and trade docking area level, has important practical significance. The author thinks that we need to further promote and implement the following points:
insists that science and technology go ahead. We will carry out all-round cooperation in the research and development of new cotton varieties, planting and processing. First of all, cotton germplasm resources exchange and new cotton breeding. Suggestions to strengthen exchanges between China and Central Asian endemic cotton germplasm resources, and combined with the relevant experts in the field of both cotton breeding and biotechnology, focusing on Cotton Drought salinity, plant type and early direction, to carry out research on cotton functional genomics and genetic improvement of international projects. Secondly, the construction of cotton science and Technology Park in Central Asia. By the aid of farm machinery and other facilities, to provide modern cotton planting technology and excellent varieties, each other to provide land, diesel and labor, to carry out joint demonstration test. At the same time, the research on the cooperation of cotton processing technology was carried out.
promotes central Asian countries' own capacity building. With technical assistance as the starting point, it will boost Central Asia's ability to build advanced agricultural technology. Provide the opportunity to study in China and Central Asian countries in promotion of agricultural science and technology personnel, to help the Central Asia to foster a batch of master cotton processing technology of advanced production technology and scientific research personnel. Based on the Chinese absorption of advanced cotton cultivation and processing technology digestion, Central Asian countries can enhance the technological level of production and processing of cotton, so as to promote their agricultural production and processing capacity.
establish trade damage monitoring and compensation mechanism. With the domestic cotton policy effectively, real-time monitoring of the trade damage phenomenon, and formulate the corresponding compensation mechanism, do the cotton industry in the protection of national security at the same time, but also to protect domestic farmers especially in the minority areas of Xinjiang cotton planting area farmer income.